Esophagectomy is a surgical procedure to remove some or all of the swallowing tube between your mouth and stomach esophagus and then reconstruct it using part of another organ, usually the stomach. Esophagectomy is a common treatment for advanced esophageal cancer and is used occasionally for Barrett's esophagus if aggressive precancerous cells are present. An esophagectomy may also be recommended for noncancerous conditions when prior attempts to save the esophagus have failed, such as with end-stage achalasia or strictures, or after ingestion of material that damages the lining of the esophagus. Esophagectomy is the main surgical treatment for esophageal cancer.
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Esophagus: Facts, Functions & Diseases
The Mouth, Pharynx, and Esophagus | Anatomy and Physiology II
If the mouth is the gateway to the body, then the esophagus is a highway for food and drink to travel along to make it to the stomach. This body part has a very simple function, but can have many disorders. The esophagus is a tube that connects the throat pharynx and the stomach. It is about 8 inches 20 centimeters long. The esophagus is made of muscles that contract to move food to the stomach. At the top of the esophagus is a band of muscle called the upper esophageal sphincter. Another band of muscle, the lower esophageal sphincter is at the bottom of the tube, slightly above the stomach.
Esophagectomy - open
The esophagus is a hollow muscular tube that transports saliva, liquids, and foods from the mouth to the stomach. When the patient is upright, the esophagus is usually between 25 to 30 centimeters in length, while its width averages 1. The muscular layers that form the esophagus are closed tightly at both ends by sphincter muscles, to prevent food or liquids from leaking from the stomach back into the esophagus or mouth. When the patient swallows, the sphincters temporarily relax to allow passage of the food through.
An esophageal manometry is a test performed to measure the pressure and contractions inside the lower part of the esophagus. This helps your physician to assess whether your esophagus is functioning correctly. A fine, pressure-sensitive tube is inserted into your nose or mouth and passed down through your esophagus — the long, narrow, muscular tube connecting your throat to your stomach.