Most of the nations of Latin America gained their independence from Spain in the years from Each nation has its own Independence Day which it celebrates with festivals, parades, etc. Here are some of the dates and the nations that celebrate them. Venezuela actually celebrates two dates for independence: April 19, , was the date that leading citizens of Caracas decided to rule themselves until such time as King Ferdinand then a captive of the French was restored to the Spanish throne.
Spanish Empire - Wikipedia
Latin America is the name given to a group of countries in North and South America. The term is sometimes confused with Hispanic America all the countries in the Americas where Spanish is the predominant language or Ibero-America all the countries in the Americas where Spanish or Portuguese is the predominant language. Both of these overlap with Latin America, but this specific term refers to all the countries in the Americas where any Romance language is spoken, which are primarily Spanish, Portuguese and French. But where exactly did the name Latin America come from? But why this label was created in the first place is not immediately obvious, as Latin American countries are far from homogenous. During the 18th and 19th centuries, various European countries made their land grabs in an attempt to establish their empire.
Imperialism in the Spanish-American War
The discovery of Santo Domingo in marks the beginning of Latin American church history. To be Spanish or Portuguese around the beginning of the sixteenth century meant being impregnated with that particular concept of church and state that had spawned the Crusades, with tragic consequences for the indigenous American peoples. Only ten months before Columbus's landing, Spain had expelled the Moors from Granada and thus concluded its eight-centuries-old war of liberation. Fired by the conviction that the Spanish crown was the divinely chosen instrument for the salvation of the New World, Isabel and Ferdinand, and, later, Philip, promoted the Conquest wholeheartedly.
The Spanish colonization of the Americas began under the Crown of Castile and spearheaded by the Spanish conquistadors. The Americas were invaded and incorporated into the Spanish Empire , with the exception of Brazil , British America , and some small regions in South America and the Caribbean. The crown created civil and religious structures to administer this vast territory. The main motivations for colonial expansion were profit through resource extraction  and the spread of Catholicism through indigenous conversions. Beginning with the arrival of Christopher Columbus in the Caribbean and gaining control over more territory for over three centuries, the Spanish Empire would expand across the Caribbean Islands , half of South America, most of Central America and much of North America.